Recent News & Events

  • PPI is One Best Places to Work in Central PA

    Pennsylvania Psychiatric Institute (PPI) is nestled in central Pennsylvania – a great place to live that is located just a short drive away from many major metropolitan areas.

    Yassir Mahgoub, MD, started his training through a residency program with Penn State and PPI. Once he finished his residency, he followed his wife to New York as she was finishing a program of her own. After three years working at a medical center in Brooklyn, they decided to return to their PA roots.

    Yassir Mahgoub, M.D.

    Yassir Mahgoub, M.D.

    “The cost of living in New York was too high, and I had personal goals of being in academia” explains Dr. Mahgoub. “Penn State and PPI offered an academic position with opportunity for research, clinical work and inpatient services. I was already familiar with their programs from residency and being back in an area with very solid and excellent schools with a reasonable cost of living for a family just made sense.”

    Now back in the Hershey area, Dr. Mahgoub has been back at PPI for almost two years. Dr. Mahgoub is currently a staff psychiatrist at PPI, inpatient psychiatrist, and Assistant Professor of Psychiatry and Behavioral Health at the Penn State School of Medicine.

    “I enjoy working at PPI because I get to balance clinical work with research and academic opportunities. I get to work with medical students and residents alongside my peers in a supportive and caring environment.”


    Alison Swigart, M.D.

    Alison Swigart, M.D.

    Another one of our psychiatrists, Alison Swigart, MD, moved to central PA from out of state because of the advantages that PPI and this area offer. Dr. Swigart is an Attending Psychiatrist at PPI, Assistant Professor of Psychiatry and Behavioral Health and the Program Director for Public & Community Psychiatry Fellowship at Penn State College of Medicine.

    Following her residency and staying to work in Providence, RI, to work for five years, Dr. Swigart joined the team at PPI in 2018.

    “I wanted to move somewhere that had an academic medical center, but that wasn’t in a big city.
    Relocating back to central PA with our two sons, living on the West Shore just made sense. Housing is reasonable. We can have space in our backyard for our boys and the public schools are good. Not to mention we are much closer to family”
    mentions Dr. Swigart.

    “What was appealing to me about working for PPI was that I could work in an academic institution and still perform clinical care while teaching and educating residents, fellows and medical students. And only having to be on call three weekends a year is a huge bonus!”

    “PPI serves an important service in our community; it makes a big impact on a community that has needs. At PPI, we have the opportunity to make a real impact in the community where our help is needed.”

    “There is strong teamwork and a collaborative attitude with the staff here. PPI has a collegial and supportive atmosphere among the physicians. We have each other’s backs and can go to one another for advice. There is a great interdisciplinary team of behavioral health professionals that provides our patients with excellent care.”

    “We also have strong physician leadership. Our Chief Medical Officer, Elisabeth Kunkel, MD, is focused on quality improvement. She focuses on the quality and access to care for our patients and career development for physicians” notes Dr. Swigart.


    Elisabeth Kunkel, M.D.

    Elisabeth Kunkel, M.D.

    Equally as enthused about her new peers, Dr. Kunkel notes “The physicians we recruit to PPI and to the Department of Psychiatry and Behavioral Health are intelligent, accomplished, creative, and enthusiastic about being part of our PPI academic-community team.”

    “This year we wanted to provide additional faculty development support by recruiting in 3 new people to support faculty in their academic projects, academic career development, and research. All our faculty work well together as a team and garner mentorship and academic support from the Department of Psychiatry and Behavioral Health at the Medical Center. The area has a lower cost of living, great schools, beautiful trails, and lots of activities to enjoy. People are friendly and there is a real sense of community. I would be delighted to speak to anyone interested in a position at Penn State Health and Psychiatry.”

    If you are interested about joining the team at PPI,  please contact Erica Geist at .(JavaScript must be enabled to view this email address) for additional information.


  • Drug & Alcohol Addiction

    Drug and Alcohol Facts Week

    Unfortunately, drug and alcohol addiction is negatively affecting millions of people all over the world every day.

    Did you know?

    • • 13 is the average age when children first experiment with drugs.
    • • Alcohol is the most abused substance.
    • • The most abused prescription drugs are pain killers, tranquilizers and stimulants.
    • • The most abused illicit drugs are marijuana, cocaine and hallucinogens.
    • • Over 50% of all suicides and over 50% of all violent crimes are influenced by alcohol and/or drugs.
    • • 35 of 36 alcoholics have never received treatment.

    Drug and alcohol addiction, or a substance use disorder, is a disease that affects a person’s behavior and brain and leads to an inability to control the use of a legal or illegal drug or medication.

    For some, addiction can start with socially with experimental use that gradually becomes more frequent. For others, particularly with opioids, drug addiction begins with exposure to prescribed medications, or receiving medications from a friend or relative who has been prescribed the medication.

    The risk of addiction and how fast you become addicted varies by the substance. As time passes, you may need larger doses of the substance to get the same effects. Soon you may need it just to feel good. As your drug use increases, you may find that it is increasingly difficult to go without it. Attempts to stop using the substance may cause intense cravings and cause you to feel physically ill and experience withdrawal symptoms.

    If you are currently struggling with drug or alcohol addiction or know someone who is, now is the time for you to do something about it. You may need help from your doctor, family, friends, support groups or an organized treatment program to overcome your addiction and stay substance-free.

    Pennsylvania Psychiatric Institute’s Advancement in Recovery (AIR) Program offers a comprehensive Medication Assisted Treatment Program for individuals struggling with Opioid Use Disorder. The AIR team consists of medical doctors and clinicians, all of whom have expertise in dealing with opioid use disorders and the transition to Buprenorphine, Methadone, and Vivitrol. The team provides support for patients throughout all phases of treatment.

    If you would like to speak to someone about better managing your stress and anxiety, or to make an appointment, please call (717) 782-6493 for more information.

    Drug and Alcohol Facts Week - Shatter the Myths

    One week each year, the National Institute on Drug Abuse (NIDA) observes National Drug and Alcohol Facts Week® (NDAFW). A health observance week for teens that aims to SHATTER THE MYTHS® about drug and alcohol use. It links students with scientists and other experts to counteract the myths about drugs and alcohol that teens get from the internet, social media, TV, movies, music, or from friends. Teens, scientists and other experts come together to discuss how drugs affect the brain, body, and behaviors, in community and school events all over America. This year, NDSFW will be held Monday, March 22 - Sunday, March 28. Chat Day for 2021 will be held Wednesday, March 24, 2021. Visit the NIDA website for more info.

  • Social Workers Are Essential

    Social Workers Month

    March is Social Work Month — a time to celebrate the great profession of social work. The theme for Social Work Month 2021 is Social Workers Are Essential.

    Social workers are essential to the well-being of our community. They are trained to help people address personal and systemic barriers to optimal living. They are employed to effect positive change with individuals, families, groups and entire communities.

    At PPI, our Social Services Department includes different disciplines: nurses, LPCs, recreation and expressive therapists and social workers. Not all our Social Services staff are social workers, but their jobs involve helping our patients beyond their time with PPI. Essentially, the role of our Social Services Department is acknowledging the needs our patients have and empowering them to succeed based on their strengths. They acknowledge everyone’s ability to recover as an individual.

    The staff in our social work department provide clinical work for our patients such as:

    • • Group and Individual therapy and family counseling
    • • Discharge planning, assessing admission needs and how to meet needs.
    • • Long term patient success planning
      • ◦ Going above and beyond the traditional psychotherapy, we have certified art, music and movement therapists who provide programs to help patients on another level.
    • • Recreational and expressive therapy
      • ◦ A psychological disorder characterized by an appetite for substances that are largely non-nutritive.

    “A large aspect of social work is being the voice for the patient. We are empowering them to speak up for their needs. We work with them to reach short goals and identify long-term goals for their personal recovery.” Explains Emily Vazquez, LSW, the new Care Coordination Supervisor in the Social Services Department.

    Emily began her career at PPI in 2012 as a care coordinator and worked her way up to her current supervisor role. Previously performing assessments and discharge planning/ connecting with community services, her new role now includes managing the department’s three parts: care coordination, therapy and certified peer specialists. 

    Her previous counterpart, Karen Sandnes, LCSW, is retiring after serving PPI and our local community since the inception of PPI in 2008. “The personality and the roles we each play in the Social Services Department was shaped by Karen’s work” acknowledged Emily. “For example, she had a vision for creating a role for peer specialists, who have gone through our programs and can relate to our current patients. She started numerous programs and landed grants to help our department succeed.”

    PPI is indebted to Karen and all she has done not only for our institute, but for our patients and our community during her time with us over the past thirteen years. We wish her the best in her retirement and will miss her dearly! 

    During Social Work Month take time to learn more about the many positive contributions of the profession and celebrate all the social workers you know. PPI is grateful for our social workers and all our hardworking employees in our Social Services Department! 

    If you would like to speak to someone about better managing your stress and anxiety, or to make an appointment, please call (717) 782-6493 for more information.


  • Eating Disorder Awareness Week

    Eating Disorder Awareness Week

    February 22 to the 28th is National Eating Disorder Awareness Week. The goal of National Eating Disorders Awareness Week is to shine a light on eating disorders by educating the public, spread a message of hope and put resources into the hands of those who need it.

    An eating disorder is a condition characterized by irregular or abnormal eating habits. Some common eating disorders are:

    • Anorexia Nervosa
      • ◦ An eating disorder characterized by abnormally low body weight.
    • Binge Eating Disorder
      • ◦ A disorder involving frequent consumption of large amounts of food without stopping.
    • Bulimia Nervosa
      • ◦ Eating disorder characterized by binge eating, followed by methods to avoid weight gain.
    • Pica
      • ◦ A psychological disorder characterized by an appetite for substances that are largely non-nutritive.

    There are some alarming facts when it comes to eating disorders:

    • The rate of children under 12 being admitted to a hospital for eating disorders rose 119 percent in less than a decade.
    • Eating disorders have the highest mortality rate of any mental illness, with nearly 1 person dying every hour as a direct result of an eating disorder.
    • Anorexia is the 3rd most common chronic illness among adolescents, after asthma and obesity.

    A huge supporter of National Eating Disorder Awareness Week is the National Eating Disorders Association – the largest nonprofit organization dedicated to supporting individuals and families affected by eating disorders. This year, they are inviting Every Body to Have a Seat at the Table.

    “In a field where marginalized communities continue to be underrepresented, we welcome conversations on raising awareness, challenging systemic biases, and sharing stories from all backgrounds and experiences.”

    PPI wants to help spread this information to help our community get better and stay healthy. If you or someone you know is struggling with an eating disorder, reach out for help today.

    Eating Disorder Awareness Week

    If you would like to speak to someone about better managing your stress and anxiety, or to make an appointment, please call (717) 782-6493 for more information.


  • Psychiatric Doctor to Titan of Industry

    During Black History Month, we are highlighting some of the top Black professionals in the mental health field that many have not heard of.
    This week we are highlighting Freda C. Lewis-Hall, M.D., DFAPA, one of the largest and most significant players in the field of medication and pharmaceuticals, and her story as a black female doctor is empowering and humbling.
    Born in 1955 in Baltimore, MD, Freda C. Lewis-Hall dreamed of becoming a doctor from a young age.

    Freda C. Lewis-Hall, M.D. Source:

    Freda C. Lewis-Hall, M.D. Source:

    Her first year in medical school was the most difficult year of her life. Medical school to begin with is an uphill battle, a few weeks into her classes, the steep path became even more daunting when her future husband, Randy, was sent to immediate exploratory surgery to check out a suspicious mass. Cancer. Constant worry and frequent trips to visit Randy started to interfere with her studies, though she persevered and somehow passed her exams, and Randy was on the mend.
    The good news was short lived however, as tragedy struck over summer break when her mother unexpectedly passed away from a stroke. The shock of the unanticipated loss while attempting to care for her family and Alzheimer’s-stricken grandmother drained her physically and emotionally. She returned to medical school ready to take a leave of absence, fully aware that the chances of her returning if doing so would be slim.

    By chance, on her way to request leave, she ran into her mentor, Dr. Lasalle D. Leffall, Jr., a legendary surgeon and professor. He listened as she spoke of her rationale for leave. He told her that he believed in her promise as a healer and as a leader and understood the pressures. Was she ready to give up on a dream that she had since she was six?
    Freda went on to earn her B.S. degree from Johns Hopkins University and her medical doctorate from Howard University in Washington, DC. 

    Freda spent her first few years as a medical professional working on the frontlines of psychiatric care, earning recognition as a Distinguished Fellow of the American Psychiatric Association. She was also an associate professor of the Department of Psychiatry for Howard University.

    She then transitioned into working behind the scenes in a career in biopharmaceuticals bringing her expertise and experience of years in the field of psychiatry and mental health into the process of developing medication. She served as Pfizer, Inc.’s Chief Medical Officer and Executive Vice President until the end of 2018 and as Chief Patient Officer and Executive Vice President during 2019.
    In these roles, Dr. Lewis-Hall expanded outreach to patients, reshaped the focus on patient engagement and inclusion, improved health information and education and amplified the voice of the patient within company culture and decision-making. She was responsible for the safe, effective and appropriate use of Pfizer medicines and vaccines. 

    Among her other various accomplishments are:

    • • In 2010, Dr. Lewis-Hall was appointed by the Obama Administration to the inaugural Board of Governors for the Patient-Centered Outcomes Research Institute (PCORI)
    • • Savoy’s Top Influential Women in Corporate America in 2012
    • • “Woman of the Year” by Healthcare Businesswomen’s Association’s in 2011
    • • Recognized in 2010 as one of the nation’s 75 Most Powerful Women in Business by Black Enterprise Magazine
    • • 25 Most Influential African Americans in health care by Black Health Magazine

    Freda C. Lewis-Hall, MD is tough, to say the least, and her continued involvement in mental health makes her a role model for aspiring psychiatrists and mental health professionals.

    If you would like to speak to someone about better managing your stress and anxiety, or to make an appointment, please call (717) 782-6493 for more information.


  • Black Forerunners Paving the Way in Psychology

    During Black History Month, we are highlighting some of the top Black professionals in the mental health field that many have not heard of.

    Today we are highlighting the first Black male and female to receive their PhD in psychology. Francis Cecil Sumner, PhD, and Inez Beverly Prosser, PhD.

    America’s first black female psychologist, Inez Beverly Prosser, PhD, was born around 1897 to Samuel Andrew and Veola Hamilton Beverly in the small town of Yoakum, Texas. Not much is known about her early years besides the fact she was the oldest daughter of 11 children. A bright student, she graduated valedictorian from Yoakum Colored High School in 1912 and then went on to receive a degree in teacher training from Prairie View Normal College where she was also valedictorian. Though common today, in her time, education beyond high school was not common, especially for a woman. Even more unheard of was an African American woman with a college degree.

    Inez Beverly Prosser, PhD. Source:

    Inez Beverly Prosser, PhD. Source:

    After receiving her degree, she went back to Yoakum and taught for a short time at their segregated schools, before accepting a teaching position in Austin, where she took up classes at Samuel Huston College. In around 1924, she graduated with distinction from Samuel Huston with a major in education. Shortly after her graduation she married Rufus A. Prosser. Unable to stay away from academia, Inez decided to continue her education obtained a Master of Arts degree in educational psychology from the University of Colorado. She then accepted a position at Tillotson College teaching education, where she was recognized as an excellent teacher and leader. Then from 1921 to 1930 Inez served as dean and registrar at Tillotson College. In 1931 Inez was awarded the Rockefeller Foundation General Education Board Fellowship because of her excellent and well-known work as a teacher.

    In 1933 she received a PhD, one of the first African American women to accomplish this in the United States, in educational psychology from the University of Cincinnati. Her dissertation, which received a huge amount of recognition, was on The Non-Academic Development of Negro Children in Mixed and Segregated Schools. It was also one of the earliest treatises on the social domain of elementary school children.


    Inez Beverly Prosser, PhD. Source:

    Inez Beverly Prosser, PhD. Source:

    During Inez’s lifetime she established a fund, while completing her own education, that enabled her sisters and brothers to obtain a college education. Of the eleven brothers and sisters, all completed high school and six further completed a college education. Then in 1934, tragedy struck as Inez Beverly Prosser was killed in an automobile accident near Shreveport, Louisiana.

    Inez Beverly Prosser, PhD, was a strong-willed individual who beat the odds, and if not for a terrible accident, would have been able to make even more contributions to psychology as we know it.

    Francis Cecil Sumner is called “the Father of Black Psychology,” because he was the first Black man to earn his PhD in psychology.

    Francis Cecil Sumner, PhD. Source:

    Francis Cecil Sumner, PhD. Source:

    Francis Cecil Sumner was born in Arkansas in 1895. As a teenager without a high school education, Francis was self-taught after his elementary school years and was able to pass an entrance exam to Lincoln University, at the age of 15, and graduate magna cum laude with honors.

    He later enrolled at Clark University to pursue a Bachelor of Arts in English in 1916. Although he was approved as a PhD candidate, he could not begin his doctoral dissertation because he was drafted into the army during World War I. Upon returning from the war, he reenrolled in the doctoral program and in 1920, his dissertation titled “Psychoanalysis of Freud and Adler” was accepted.

    Francis’ focus in psychology was on “race psychology” where he was interested in understanding racial bias and supporting educational justice. Besides “race psychology,” he also studied color and vision, as well as the psychology of religion. He was one of the first people in academia to contribute to the fields of psychology, religion and the administration of justice together.

    Francis became a professor at various universities and managed to publish several articles despite the refusal of research agencies to provide funding for him because of his color. He worked with the Journal of Social Psychology and the Psychological Bulletin, writing abstracts. His students described him as motivating and encouraging.

    Francis Sumner is credited as one of the founders of the psychology department at Howard University, which he chaired from 1928 until his death in 1954. Under the leadership of Francis and his colleagues, Howard University became a major force in the education of African American psychology students. Though the psychology department at Howard did not offer the PhD degree in psychology until 1972, nevertheless, by 1972, 300 African Americans had earned PhDs in psychology from U.S. colleges and universities. 60 of which had previously received a bachelor’s or master’s degree from the Department of Psychology at Howard. One of Francis’ students, Kenneth Bancroft Clark, would emerge as the most successful and influential African American psychologist of the 20th century.

    If you would like to speak to someone about better managing your stress and anxiety, or to make an appointment, please call (717) 782-6493 for more information.



  • Penn State Health: Monitoring children’s mental health


  • A Black Pioneer for Mental Health Therapy

    During Black History Month, we want to highlight some of the top Black professionals in the mental health field that many have not heard of.

    Our second spotlight is on Maxie Clarence Maultsby, Jr, M.D. Born in Pensacola, Florida on April 24, 1932, Maultsby focused on his studies all the way through medical school. He earned his M.D. in 1957 from Case Western Reserve University in Cleveland, Ohio.

    Dr. Maxy Clarence Maultsby, Jr. Source:

    Dr. Maxy Clarence Maultsby, Jr. Source:

    Upon graduation from medical school, he worked as an intern for one year at the Philadelphia General Hospital, before returning to Florida to become a General Practitioner of Medicine. From 1962-1966 he was a medical officer in the US Air Force, before working for several hospitals associated with the University of Wisconsin through a Psychiatry Residency. During this time, he also participated in an intensive training in Behavior Therapy at the Eastern Psychiatric Institute, in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania.

    His Psychiatric Residency with the University of Wisconsin led to Maultsby joining the University of Wisconsin, Madison medical faculty in 1970. During his time there, he formalized psychiatric approach of his own creation called Rational Behavior Therapy. In 1973 he founded the Training and Treatment Center for Rational Behavior Therapy, where his method became increasingly influential.


    Rational Behavior Therapy book cover. Source:

    Rational Behavior Therapy book cover. Source:

    Maultsby and his approach with Rational Behavior Therapy (RBT) made several unique contributions to psychotherapy and cognitive-behavioral therapy.

    • • RBT is based on the neurophysiology (the structure of the nervous system) of a healthy human brain, which was unlike other traditional therapies based on introspection, observation, and/or the philosophical influences.
    • • RBT is relatively easy to teach and easy to learn (does not require identification of disorders or knowledge of medical terms).
    • • Clients define what is healthy thinking for them.
    • • Clients are coached to become their own therapists (Rational Behavior Self-Counseling).
    • • In 1971, RBT psychiatrists pioneered visualization practices and the use of imagery to develop healthy thoughts, emotions and behaviors.
    • • Accepts the potential health value of religious, spiritual, and deeply rooted philosophical or existential beliefs, and their beneficial application and integration into a cognitive-behavioral, non-denominational, spiritual or existential counseling.

    RBT has continued to grow in influence since its beginning and has practitioners in many continents across the globe. In addition to founding the RBT psychotherapy, he also founded the emotional self-help technique called Rational Self-Counseling and the New Self-Help Alcoholic Relapse Prevention Treatment Method.

    Maultsby became the Chair of Howard University’s Department of Psychiatry in 1989 and was given the title of Emeritus Professor in 2004. In 2011, Maultsby also became a Professor in the Psychiatry Residence Training Program, at Saint Elizabeth’s Hospital, under the Department of Mental Health in Washington D.C.

    An American psychiatrist, author of several books on emotional and behavioral self-management, elected Distinguished Life Fellow of the American Psychiatric Association, and recipient of the Lifetime Achievement Award from the National Association of Cognitive-Behavioral Therapists, Maxie Clarence Maultsby Jr., M.D., passed away on August 28, 2016, in Alexandria, Virginia.

    Learn more about Maxie Clarence Maultsby, Jr, MD, and his other accomplishments here.

    If you would like to speak to someone about better managing your stress and anxiety, or to make an appointment, please call (717) 782-6493 for more information.


  • Advocating for Mental Health in the Black Community

    During Black History Month, we want to highlight some of the Black professionals that have been pioneers in the mental health field that many have not heard of.

    Starting off our spotlight is PA native, Bebe Moore Campbell. Born on February 18, 1950, in Philadelphia, Elizabeth Bebe Moore was the only child of Philadelphia native Doris Carter Moore, a social worker, and George Moore, a college graduate from North Carolina.

    Bebe Moore Campbell. Source: Bing Images

    Bebe Moore Campbell. Source: Bing Images

    Campbell grew up to be an author, journalist, teacher, and mental health advocate who worked diligently to shed light on the mental health needs of the Black and other underrepresented communities. In her later work, Campbell examined mental illness from a child’s viewpoint in her illustrated children’s story Sometimes My Mommy Gets Angry. This book provided helpful prose for young readers with a family member suffering from bipolar disorder. Stemming from bipolar disorder being an issue in her own family, she would continue the theme on mental health in her next book, 72 Hour Hold.

    “We don’t want to talk about it,” she explained in one of her last interviews to Kenneth Meeks of Black Enterprise, of her involvement in the National Alliance for the Mentally Ill (NAMI), whose Inglewood, California, chapter she co-founded. “I didn’t want to talk about it, either. I went into denial. I was ashamed. I was very stigmatized by this illness that had no business in my family.”

    Finding comfort in dealing with her family’s experiences with mental illness in support groups, her work in founding NAMI-Inglewood in a predominantly Black neighborhood to create a space that was safe for Black people to talk about mental health concerns.

    Bebe Moore Campbell. Source: Bing Images

    Bebe Moore Campbell. Source: Bing Images

    Sadly, she passed away in Los Angeles on November 27, 2006, from brain cancer at the age of 56.

    On June 2, 2008, congress formally recognized July as Bebe Moore Campbell National Minority Mental Health Awareness Month to bring awareness to the unique struggles that underrepresented groups face regarding mental illness in the US.

    Read more about Bebe Moore Campbell’s life here

    If you would like to speak to someone about better managing your stress and anxiety, or to make an appointment, please call (717) 782-6493 for more information.


  • Child and Adolescent Outpatient Groups

    The decision to seek psychiatric help for a child, adolescent or teenager is not an easy one. Often, it is hard for parents or loved ones to identify symptoms of a mental illness or to admit that their child may have a behavioral disorder.

    According to the CDC, mental, behavioral and developmental disorders begin in early childhood with 1 in 6 U.S. children aged 2–8 years diagnosed. ADHD, behavior problems, anxiety, and depression are the most diagnosed mental disorders in children. Some of these conditions commonly occur together. For example:

    • Having another disorder is most common in children with depression: about 3 in 4 children aged 3-17 years with depression also have anxiety and almost 1 in 2 have behavior problems.
    • For children with anxiety, more than 1 in 3 also have behavior problems and about 1 in 3 also have depression.
    • For children with behavior problems, more than 1 in 3 also have anxiety and about 1 in 5 also have depression.

    Depression and anxiety have increased over time. Children aged 6–17 years diagnosed with either anxiety or depression increased from 5.4% in 2003 to 8% in 2007 and to 8.4% in 2011–2012.
    For families in need of getting a child psychiatric help, having access to specialized treatment programs with skilled and experienced clinicians is essential. That is why Pennsylvania Psychiatric Institute is gratified to offer the following group programs to help the youth in our community.

    Anger Management
    Wednesdays at 5:30–7 p.m. | Ages: 14–18 (High School)

    Members of the group will gain a better understanding of core skills such as opposite action, checking the facts and problem solving. They will explore a range of emotions and focus on problem emotions and behaviors associated with them. They will practice brainstorming, choosing a solution and evaluating the decision.

    CBT Group
    Wednesdays at 3:30–5 p.m. | Ages: 14–18 (High School)

    In the Cognitive Behavior Therapy (CBT) group teens will learn how to challenge and restructure their thinking in order to improve how they feel and behave on an everyday basis. Group members will participate in interactive activities and help each other to gain different perspectives, and new ways of thinking about their problems. CBT is geared towards teens with depression, anxiety, OCD, and ADHD.

    Emotion Regulation for Social Situations
    Mondays at 3:30–5 p.m. | Ages: 14–18 (High School)

    Many adolescents face social, emotional and behavioral difficulties that impact their ability to create and maintain friendships with their peers as well as interact prosocially with adults in their lives. In this group, members will learn effective social and relationship skills that will help them navigate the process of peer connection and maintain positive relationships with adults. Group members will gain esteem, understanding of nonverbal communication and language, development of friendships and fostering assertiveness.

    Interpersonal Skills Group
    Tuesdays at 3:30–5 p.m. | Ages: 14–18 (High School)

    Interpersonal skills are the skills we use every day when we communicate and interact with other people, both individually and in groups. They include a wide range of skills, but particularly communication skills such as listening and effective speaking. This can also include the ability to control and manage your emotions. Some examples are active listening skills, teamwork, dependability, leadership, motivation, flexibility with others, patience and empathy. Group members will gain self awareness.

    Social Skills: Building strong relationships through effective communication.
    Thursdays at 3:30–5 p.m. | Ages: 11-14

    In a fast-paced technology savvy world, the art of communicating face-to-face is becoming a serious challenge for the younger population. This group will rely heavily on developing knowledge on the different communication types, styles and potential road blocks someone may encounter. This group will function as fluid as possible with daily tasks and a chance to an open forum in which group members can process and receive feedback from peers.

    Call admissions to sign up or learn more at (717) 782-6493.

  • Holiday Blues

    Holiday Blues

    The holidays are typically viewed as the season for joy and happiness, but that is not always the case for everyone. For some, the holidays bring sadness, loneliness, and depression. Though less serious than clinical depression, and not an officially recognized diagnosis, the holiday blues are a real phenomenon that affects people from November through the New Year.

    The holidays can exacerbate already anxious and stressful feelings, especially as we are all dealing with a global pandemic. If not addressed, these temporary feelings can develop into mental health disorders later in the year, expanding outside of the holiday season and into a clinical diagnosis.

    According to the numbers, 40% of adults suffer from anxiety around the holidays. And although this time of year is known for all the delicious treats and adult-beverage-fueled holiday parties, eating poorly and drinking excessively can worsen issues like stress, anxiety and depression.

    What can you do if you or a loved one is feeling down around the holidays?

    1. Avoid excess alcohol
      1. Alcohol is a depressant and can increase the number of negative feelings you may have. You don’t have to cut it out completely, but instead me more mindful about how much you are consuming and limit yourself to one or two drinks./span>
    2. Social distancing shouldn’t mean social isolation
      1. Because sadness often makes you want to be by yourself, a major risk factor for depression is social isolation. If you are feeling lonely, reach out for support. This can be trickier this year as we try to social distance ourselves for the health of our loved ones. If you cannot spend time with your family in-person this holiday season, try to find other ways you can enjoy social interaction. Whether that is a small get together with fewer family members or friends than normal, or connecting with everyone via Zoom, connecting with the people close to you can exponentially help your morale.
    3. Exercise regularly
      1. When feeling down, exercise is usually one of the last things on your mind. However, research has shown how regular physical activity can play an important role in preventing and reducing symptoms of depression. In fact, a study published in the American Journal of Psychiatry, found that just one hour of physical activity each week was enough to prevent some future cases of depression. Try doubling down by going for a walk while catching up with a friend to cross two of these helpful suggestions off at once.
    4. Know your limits
      1. Christmas shopping, holiday parties, and working extra hours so a co-worker can take time off adds up. You are allowed to say no if the list of obligations in front of you brings you more anxiety than joy. Try not to spread yourself too thin and make sure to take time out during this busy season for yourself to recharge.

      Pay attention to the things that contribute to the stress and anxiety you feel during this time of year so you can better manage and get ahead of them moving forward to avoid the blues. If the holiday blues start taking a turn into something more serious, or the feelings continue past the holiday season and start to affect your daily routine, you might have a more serious condition and should seek expert help.

      If you are having suicidal thoughts, contact the National Suicide Prevention Lifeline at 1-800-273-8255 for support and assistance from a trained counselor. If you or a loved one are in immediate danger, call 911.

      If you would like to speak to someone about better managing your stress and anxiety, or to make an appointment, please call (717) 782-6493 for more information.



  • CAPSTONE Gives Hope to Psychosis Patients

    CAPSTONE Gives Hope to Psychosis Patients

    Setting a New Standard for Psychosis Patients, CAPSTONE Helps Psychosis Patients Live a Normal Life

    The word “psychosis” is a powerful term that carries a frightening social stigma. But while psychosis is a serious condition, the Pennsylvania Psychiatric Institute’s CAPSTONE program is redefining its treatment and giving patients hope.

    “It’s important for people to know that psychosis can be treated,” said Amanda Fooks, MSW, LCSW, Lead Therapist, CAPSTONE. “With the right treatment and support, individuals can live a normal life even with symptoms.”

    CAPSTONE is an outpatient program designed to provide comprehensive treatment and support for young adults ages 16 to 30 experiencing early psychosis. “The program focuses on early psychosis because, like any illness, the earlier you start treating it the better the outcome,” explained Fooks.

    Psychosis is a break with reality. It can make it difficult for patients to recognize what is real and what isn’t. These disruptions are often experienced as seeing, hearing and believing things that aren’t real or having unusual and persistent thoughts.

    It’s a common misconception that patients experiencing psychosis need to be hospitalized. But a person only needs to go to the hospital if they are unable to keep themselves or other people safe.

    “If possible, we want to avoid hospitalization,” said Fooks. “We want to help them live as normal a life as possible. And hospitalization can be a traumatic experience in and of itself.”

    Providing Comprehensive Care

    What makes the outpatient CAPSTONE program so effective is the comprehensive nature of the services it offers. The program includes two components. The clinical component includes individual therapy, psychiatry, and family education. The support component includes services like helping patients get a job and providing case management which helps them get to appointments and manage their health.

    “This comprehensive care is possible through the close collaboration of three organization,” said Fooks. The Pennsylvania Psychiatric Institute provides the clinical care, the YWCA of Greater Harrisburg provides the employment assistance, and Case Management Unit provides case management support.

    Capstone Program - PPI, YWCA, CMU - Harrisburg, PA

    “Staff from all three organizations, including psychiatrists, are in constant communication about the patient’s condition,” Fooks said. “We work very closely together to provide complete care.”

    Overall, the program aims to reduce symptoms or help patients managed their symptoms by teaching different skills and coping strategies. But the program is successful because it is centered on the participants.

    “People set their own goals,” Fooks noted. “If they are not working, they might set the goal to enroll in HACC and complete the entire year. That’s success by their measure.”

    For some, the symptoms may never completely go away. But the program recognizes that there is a livable amount of symptoms – which may vary by the person – and that’s the balance the program aims to find for each patient.

    If you would like to speak to someone about better managing your stress and anxiety, or to make an appointment, please call (717) 782-6493 for more information.


    Who CAPSTONE Helps

    Due to grant limitations, CAPSTONE is only available to current residents of Dauphin County between the ages of 16 and 30. It is designed for persons experiencing their first episode of psychosis, and requires the individual and their family to participate in services. Even if a person isn’t sure they are experiencing is psychosis, they should contact the Pennsylvania Psychiatric Institute as soon as possible and we can help, whatever the diagnosis.

    “It’s important for people to know that psychosis can be treated. With the right treatment and support, patients can live a normal life even with symptoms.”
    —Amanda Fooks, MSW, LCSW, Lead Therapist, CAPSTONE

  • Compliance & Ethics Week

    Compliance & Ethics Week is November 1-7, 2020

    Corporate Compliance & Ethics Week is November 1-7, 2020.

    Keeping up its tradition of encouraging employees to follow the highest of standards, Pennsylvania Psychiatric Institute (PPI) is participating in Corporate Compliance & Ethics Week.

    This week began in 2005 as a way to help members of the Society of Corporate Compliance and Ethics & Health Care Compliance Association (SCCE & HCCA) to increase awareness of compliance and ethics issues at their organizations. It has since grown to an annual event celebrated around the world.

    Corporate Compliance & Ethics Week is an extension of PPI’s ongoing compliance and ethics program. Company-wide compliance and ethics education, held annually, allows our organization to roll-out new and updated compliance and ethics program policies and reinforce with employees their compliance and ethics obligations. Participation in Corporate Compliance & Ethics Week gives additional opportunity to shine a spotlight on the importance of compliance and ethics and boost compliance culture.

    Elements of an Effective Compliance & Ethics Program:

    1. Standards of conduct, policies, and procedures
      1. To provide the best care possible, PPI has high standards for our employees. Ask your supervisor where you can find a copy of them to review.
    2. Compliance officer and committee
      1. Laurie Talbot is PPI’s Director of Compliance. Please email her at .(JavaScript must be enabled to view this email address) with any compliance questions.
    3. Communication and education
      1. Create effective, ongoing training methods and establish open lines of communication.
    4. Internal monitoring and auditing
      1. PPI uses internal tools to evaluate program effectiveness and detect criminal conduct.
    5. Reporting and investigating
      1. We encourage employees to raise concerns and we have investigative procedures in place should an issue arise.
    6. Enforcement and discipline
      1. PPI is committed to the enforcement of all policies, procedures and standards of conduct. Disciplinary actions may be taken for any violations.
    7. Response and prevention
      1. In collaboration with our Ethics committee, our compliance department’s goal is to resolve identified problems promptly and add related issues to monitoring activities. If you believe you have seen a compliance or ethical violation, call (717) 782-4682, or you can go to PPI’s Intranet Home page - What’s New? and click on the link “ Ethical Concern Submission Form” to report your concern.

    Do you know what should you do in these situations?

    Situation 1: You happen to be surfing a social website and you come across a negative comment about your organization that you believe is false. You want to respond and set the record straight. What should you do?

    Unless you are authorized to speak on behalf of your organization, you should not respond. However, you should note the item and report it to your organization’s Public Relations Department or Legal. They will decide how best to respond.

    Situation 2: A coworker tells you she needs to leave work a few minutes early to catch her son’s high school game. She asks if you could punch out her timecard when you leave at the end of the shift. What should you do?

    Be completely honest with her explaining not only are you uncomfortable with her request to falsify her time card and risk both of you getting fired, but if she needs to leave early she should do so with the supervisor’s knowledge and approval. It is never right to lie regardless of the circumstances.

    Find out more at:

    If you would like to speak to someone about better managing your stress and anxiety, or to make an appointment, please call (717) 782-6493 for more information.

  • Accreditations Help Patient Financial Services Serve Patients Even Better

    Accreditations Help Patient Financial Services Serve Patients Even Better

    Pennsylvania Psychiatric Institute’s Patient Financial Services is raising the bar. Through a range of accreditations, their team is keeping abreast of the latest developments in their field while making sure to provide top-notch service to patients.

    “To be a successful organization, you need to be around successful people and give them the tools and opportunities to grow,” said Lisa Laudeman, CRCE-I, CRCE-P, Patients Accounts Manager. “These certifications take our team and the Pennsylvania Psychiatric Institute to the next level. The team comes out of it with a well-rounded idea of the best practices used at the nation’s leading hospitals.”

    Patient Financial Services includes customer service, billing, follow up, eligibility, and benefits – anything related to the revenue cycle. The staff needs to know collection law and compliance rules, as well as the technical side of their positions.

    Nationally Recognized Accreditation

    The team is getting their accreditations from the American Association of Healthcare Administrative Management (AAHAM). The American Association of Healthcare Administrative Management (AAHAM) is the premier professional organization in healthcare administrative management, and the only organization dedicated exclusively to the revenue cycle.

    “This rigorous accreditation process enables us to do billing more proficiently – accuracy increases and claims are paid properly. And we’re better able to help patients when they call,” explained Laudeman.

    Rigorous Process Prepares Team for Almost Anything

    Even after they leave the hospital, patients may get EOBs in the mail that they don’t understand, or they may have questions about their benefits. With this added training, the team is ready to help.

    “Sometimes because of the extra level of training, we can resolve problems before the patient sees them – so their experience continues to be positive,” Laudeman noted.

    AAHAM offers three levels of certification – executive, professional and technical. Currently the entire team is going through the process – which includes a lot of studying and a passing score on the accreditation test. The department’s goal to have everyone accredited by 2020. The accreditation is for three years, which helps the team stay abreast of the latest developments and services.

    “It’s a lot of work to earn the accreditation, but it is important for our patients that we be as knowledgeable and helpful as we can be,” said Laudeman.
    If you would like to speak to someone about better managing your stress and anxiety, or to make an appointment, please call (717) 782-6493 for more information.

    Patient Financial Services Accreditations

      • The AAHAM Certified Revenue Cycle Executive – This is for senior leader level positions.

      • The AAHAM Certified Revenue Cycle Professional – This is specifically for supervisors and first-time managers to help them understand the processes, but it also has technical component so they need to know what their staff does.

      • The AAHAM Certified Revenue Cycle Specialist – This staff level accreditation is much more detail oriented, focused day-to-day process and they must know including federal regulations and fundamental concepts.

    The accreditations come with an Institutional tag (for hospital billing and collections) or Professional tag (for everybody else like doctors’ offices, labs, etc.)

    “Sometimes because of the extra level of training, we can resolve problems before the patient sees them – so their experience continues to be positive.”

    —Lisa Laudeman, CRCE-I, CRCE-P, Patients Accounts Manager

  • Mental Illness affects more people than you think.

    Suicide Prevention

    Knowing these signs can save the life of a loved one.

    Mental Illness affects more people than you think.

    Mental Illness Awareness Week is October 4-10, 2020. During this week, Pennsylvania Psychiatric Institute (PPI) hopes to further educate our community and bring awareness to mental illness.

    Did you know?

    • • 1 in 5 adults have experienced mental illness.
    • • 1 in 25 adults have experienced a serious mental illness.
    • • 1 in 8 emergency department visits by an adult involves a mental illness or substance use disorder.
    • • High school students with significant symptoms of depression are more than twice as likely to drop out compared to their peers.
    • • Just over 50% of those aged 6-17 with a mental health disorder received treatment in 2016.

    It may seem taboo, but only by talking about suicide can we bring more awareness to the serious issue affecting tens of thousands of Americans every year.

    • • Suicide is the 2nd leading cause of death among people aged 10-34 in the U.S.
    • 90% of people who die by suicide had shown symptoms of a mental health condition, according to interviews with family, friends and medical professionals.
    • • Lesbian, gay and bisexual youth are 4x more likely to attempt suicide.
    • 75% of people who die by suicide are male.
    • • Transgender adults are nearly 12x more likely to attempt suicide.

    You are not alone.  The staff at PPI is here for you.
    Call (717) 782-6493 to speak with someone today.

    If you are in emotional distress, please contact the National Suicide Prevention Lifeline at 1.800.273.8255. Trained counselors are available 24/7.

    If you are experiencing an emergency, please call 911.

    If you would like to speak to someone about better managing your stress and anxiety, or to make an appointment, please call (717) 782-6493 for more information.



  • Coming up for AIR: an innovative treatment program provides patients hope

    Minority Mental Health Awareness

    September is National Recovery Month. Each September, we aim to educate our community about substance use disorders and promote our services to help those with substance use disorders live healthy and rewarding lives.

    The hard work that goes into a successful treatment plan often goes unnoticed, and Recovery Month aims to celebrate the achievements made by everyone in recovery by reinforcing the positive actions they have taken to regain their health. Being able to increase awareness about effective treatment and successful recoveries, only benefits the members of our community. We are proud of our staff members who help to facilitate the recovery process, but we are the proudest of our patients who have put in the work and have been successful in their recovery.

    Opioid use disorder is everywhere— and central Pa. is no different. Pennsylvania has some of the highest overdose rates in our nation—that’s at least one overdose a day from central Pa. hospitals. In 2018, it is believed that over 120 people died by overdose in Dauphin County alone.

    The epidemic is overwhelming, but it is important to remember that people do recover. It is possible to overcome addiction. You are not alone. It’s just a matter of reaching out for help, and then getting connected with effective, evidence based, comprehensive treatment.

    PPI is providing that help with their innovative Advancement In Recovery (AIR) Program. Through a combination of Medication-Assisted Treatment—or MAT—and intensive counseling, people with opioid use disorder are getting a second chance to live a fulfilling life.

    If you would like to speak to someone about better managing your stress and anxiety, or to make an appointment, please call (717) 782-6493 for more information.

    “We treat patients with respect and compassion. Substance use disorder is a medical issue—a progressive, chronic disease—and we approach it with a prescribed set of treatments like any other disease.”

  • Knowing these signs can save the life of a loved one.

    Suicide Prevention

    According to Centers for Disease, Control and Prevention (CDC), every day, approximately 123 Americans commit suicide. That means there is one death by suicide in the US every 12 minutes. (CDC)

    However, suicide is preventable. Successful suicide prevention involves understanding suicide risk, protective factors, available resources and procedures for maintaining wellbeing. Although Pennsylvania Psychiatric Institute’s (PPI’s) providers are trained to notice the signs of suicidal ideation and behaviors in our patients, educating our community on these signs means we can work together to help more people in need.

    Common warning signs that can indicate suicidal behavior:

    • • Talking about wanting to die
    • • Threatening to hurt or kill oneself
    • • Planning or preparing for a suicide attempt (e.g., buying a gun)
    • • Making financial and other arrangements for dependents
    • • Social withdrawal
    • • Substance abuse

    Those at higher risk for suicide tend to have a history of:

    • • Non-suicidal self-injury
    • • Psychiatric diagnoses, or onset of psychiatric symptoms
    • • Traumatic brain injuries
    • • Traumatic childhood experiences
    • • Military service (i.e., service members and veterans)
    • • Previous suicide attempt(s)
    • • LGTBQ+
    • • Loss of employment, housing, or a relationship
    • • Suicide death of a relative or peer

    On the contrary, those with the following protective factors tend to be at lower risk:

    • • Employment
    • • Responsibilities to others
    • • Strong interpersonal bonds
    • • Resilience
    • • Sense of belonging and identity
    • • Access to health care
    • • Optimistic outlook

    If you notice any of the above warning signs in someone you know, have a conversation with them and tell them of your concern. Do not be afraid to ask them if they are considering suicide.

    • • Let them know you care, and that they are not alone, and that they can get help. Do not try arguing with them, and do not say things like “You have so much to live for” or “If you kill yourself, it will hurt your family.”
    • • Ask them if they are seeing a doctor or are taking medication. If so, encourage them to contact their provider immediately. You can also offer to help them find a mental health professional and/or take them to a walk-in psychiatric clinic or hospital emergency room.
    • • Call 911 or the National Suicide Prevention Lifeline at 1-800-273-TALK (8255).
    • • Do not leave them alone.

    If you are in emotional distress, please contact the National Suicide Prevention Lifeline at 1.800.273.8255. Trained counselors are available 24/7.

    If you are experiencing an emergency, please call 911.

    If you would like to speak to someone about better managing your stress and anxiety, or to make an appointment, please call (717) 782-6493 for more information.



  • Minority Mental Health Awareness

    Minority Mental Health Awareness

    Mental health conditions do not discriminate based on race. Anyone can experience the challenges of mental illness. However, background and identity can make access to mental health treatment much more difficult. National Minority Mental Health Awareness Month was established to start changing this.

    The Center for Disease Control (CDC) partners with the Department of Health and Human services (DHHS) each July to launch outreach programs and distribute educational material designed for minority groups of the population, including Hispanics, Blacks, Asian/Pacific Islanders, as well as Native Americans.

    Taking on the challenges and stigma of mental health conditions requires all of us to work together. In many communities, these problems are increased by less access to care, cultural stigma and lower quality care.

    Despite advances in health equality, disparities in mental healthcare continue. The Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality (AHRQ) reports that racial and ethnic minorities in the U.S. are less likely to have access to and to use mental health services. Lack of mental healthcare access contributes to poor mental health outcomes, like suicide, among these minority populations.

    In reports by the Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration (SAMHSA) and CDC:

    1. In 2017, 10.5% (3.5 million) of young adults age 18 to 25 had serious thoughts of suicide including 8.3% of non-Hispanic blacks and 9.2% of Hispanics.
    2. In 2017, 7.5% (2.5 million) of young adults age 18 to 25 had a serious mental illness including 7.6% of non-Hispanic Asians, 5.7% of Hispanics and 4.6% of non-Hispanic blacks.
    3. Feelings of anxiety and other signs of stress may become more pronounced during a global pandemic.
    4. People in some racial and ethnic minority groups may respond more strongly to the stress of a pandemic or crisis.

    The purpose of the National Minority Mental Health Awareness Month is to ensure that information and assistance are available to meet the needs of minority populations. The campaign also aims at creating awareness among afflicted persons and details about where they can find help. By helping to spread helpful information about mental issues facing minority populations, you will go a long way to assist afflicted persons, their friends, family and others living around them.

    During July, and every month after, let us join together to help those around us who are affected by mental illness, regardless of their background.

    If you would like to speak to someone about better managing your stress and anxiety, or to make an appointment, please call (717) 782-6493 for more information.



  • Finding Opportunities to Help Turning Problems into Solutions

    Finding Opportunities to Help Turning Problems into Solutions

    Responding to patient complaints and grievances is the job of our Patient Advocate. It’s not easy, but the Pennsylvania Psychiatric Institute is dedicated to listening to patients and doing what they can to resolve an issue.

    If you have an issue, your Patient Advocate is going to try to help you to the best of their ability. Sometimes they can’t make a change, but will do their best to make you happy. Our Patient Advocate enjoys working with people to figure out ways to make their situation a little better.

    The Patient Advocate is usually involved in what’s called a grievance. This is a formal process in which they typically researches patient complaints. These can range from disagreements about a discharge plan, lost items, food options, or a staff member.

    Often, our Patient Advocate finds in each problem an opportunity to assist the patient. They have helped patients find new doctors, and helped a patient get a discharge plan changed. They have even worked with the billing department to help a patient pay their bill so they could continue their care.

    Working with Patients and Staff

    The Patient Advocate is also involved in helping identify problems and solutions before patients experience them.

    As the Patient Advocate, they are a member of the hospital’s Patient Experience Committee. The committee brings together staff from across the organization to share what they do and find ways to work together to improve the patient experience.

    Our Patient Advocate has also started going into each unit once a month to talk to the patients. This way they can give patients an overview of what they do, what the complaint process is, and get ideas from them. What could we do better? What kinds of things could we improve?

    Helping Patients Learn to Help Themselves

    The Patient Advocate also sees their role as helping patients learn to advocate for themselves.

    Patients don’t always know how to speak up for themselves. Our Patient Advocate tries to help them find their own voice. For the smaller things, they are encouraged to talk to the staff first and try to resolve their problems. But if they need help, their Patient Advocate always there.

    Whatever the patient issue or concern, the Pennsylvania Psychiatric Institute is committed to investigating it in a fair and appropriate manner. Patients and their family members are encouraged to voice their questions and concerns.

    If you would like to speak to someone about better managing your stress and anxiety, or to make an appointment, please call (717) 782-6493 for more information.

    “If you have an issue, your Patient Advocate is going to try to help you to the best of their ability. Sometimes they can’t make a change, but will do their best to make you happy. Our Patient Advocate enjoys working with people to figure out ways to make their situation a little better.”

  • Thank you, to you our mental health workers!

    Thank You, Mental Healthcare Workers
    May is Mental Health Month, and seeing all that is happening in the world, there is no better time to prioritize mental wellness.

    During these unprecedented times, it is the essential workers who are getting us though this pandemic, working hard to make sure we are staying in a good place mentally through these trying times. They are our mental health workers.

    We want to take this time to sincerely thank our doctors, nurses, therapists, social workers, behavioral health specialists and other caregivers who work together, consulting and relying on each other to give the best possible care to our patients. They are working tirelessly to treat, assist and facilitate behavioral health services for those who need it and consistently monitor their progress.

    Along with our medical personnel, our support staff have been amazing at allowing us to continue helping our patients. From keeping our facility clean to providing our patients and staff with warm meals, thank you! Your work has not gone unnoticed as we would not be able to function if it were not for all you do.

    One in five people in the U.S. will experience a mental illness during their lifetime. Right now, however, we are all facing unique challenges that are impacting our mental health. Sheltering in place, social distancing and isolation and the loss of a job or income, are the devastating effects from an already uncertain time.

    If you are struggling, please check out our blog on ways to help manage anxiety and stress.

    Now, more than ever, we need to find ways to stay connected with our community. No one should feel alone or without the information, support and help they need.

    If you would like to speak to someone about better managing your stress and anxiety, or to make an appointment, please call (717) 782-6493 for more information.

  • Understanding the Effects of Trauma

    A traumatic event can affect a person and their behavior for years. Whether it’s an act of violence, an automobile accident, sexual abuse, or witnessing a traumatic event, the repercussions continue to be felt later in life and affect their perspective.

    Through the use of Trauma-Informed Care, Pennsylvania Psychiatric Institute is engaging people with histories of trauma, recognizing the presence of trauma symptoms and acknowledging the role that trauma has played in their lives.

    Statistics show that most people receiving mental health services have experienced a traumatic event in the past.

    “Our mission as a Trauma-Informed Care organization is look at the whole patient and respond to the impact of trauma in their lives, as well as the lives of their families and even our staff,” explained Stephanie Kegel, MBA, LCSW, CAADC, CCDPD, CCS, Adult Service Line Director. “It is a treatment framework running through all the services we provide that involves understanding the effects of trauma in a patient’s life and how that may relate to the patient’s current behavior.”

    Understanding how past traumatic events impact a patient’s behavior today gives both providers and the patient a greater sense of control and empowerment.

    Trauma-Informed Care is based on six key principles set forth by the Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration (SAMHSA):

    1. Safety so that staff and patients feel physically and psychologically safe.
    2. Trustworthiness and Transparency among staff, patients, and family members.
    3. Peer Support for building trust, establishing safety, and empowerment.
    4. Collaboration and Mutuality that recognizes everyone has a role to play in a trauma-informed approach.
    5. Empowerment, Voice and Choice where individuals’ strengths are recognized, built on, and validated and new skills developed.
    6. Cultural, Historical and Gender Issues in which the organization actively moves past cultural stereotypes and biases.

    “Pennsylvania Psychiatric Institute started focusing on Trauma-Informed Care about three years ago, and the program has continued to grow,” noted Kegel.

    Trauma-Informed Care training is now part of the orientation program for all staff. A Trauma-Informed Care Champion has been made a formal position to lead the change, and provided with training and budgeting to continue its growth. They’ve also developed support for departments to help units develop the program according to their unique circumstances and responsibilities.

    “It is a new mindset and a culture shift,” Kegel added. “It’s not what’s wrong with you but what happened. We are not judgmental – we see patients as individuals with unique backgrounds and that helps them better recover.”


    “Trauma-Informed Care is a treatment framework running through all the services we provide that involves understanding the effects of trauma in a patient’s life and how that may relate to the patient’s current behavior.”
    —Stephanie Kegel, MBA, LCSW, CAADC, CCDPD, CCS, Adult Service Line Director

  • Innovative Dialectical Behavioral Therapy Teaches Patients How to Manage Their Emotions

    For patients with borderline personality disorder (BPD), each day is a struggle to regulate their emotions and manage relationships at home, at school and at work. But through an innovative but intensive program at Pennsylvania Psychiatric Institute called Dialectical Behavioral Therapy (DBT), these patients learn life skills to help them manage their emotions and succeed.

    “Dialectical Behavioral Therapy works – I’ve seen the difference it makes. But you have to work hard. It is a very structured form of treatment,” said Sherrie-An Gerhart, Program Coordinator.

    The program is designed for individuals who need more support than outpatient therapy alone. This highly structured approach is unlike any other program with both classroom training and the individual therapy.

    Learning Life Skills

    The therapy is a rigorous 13-week program that includes nine hours of classroom training, and homework every night. Through this training, patients learn a wide range of life skills including:

    1. Mindfulness as well as the ability to stay in the present and be non-judgmental.
    2. The ability to handle stress and distress, and bring down the intensity of high emotion.
    3. The ability to regulate emotions, and understand their purpose and function.
    4. Interpersonal skills, including communicating, understanding limits and trusting themselves.

    Skills classes are co-facilitated by therapists with specialized DBT training and include up to 12 men and women.

    The program also includes individual therapy as well as a unique feature: coach calling. If a patient is in a stressful situation and finds their emotions spiraling out of control, they may forget the skills they learned. In that event, they can call a therapist any time to get coaching on the techniques they should use in that particular situation.

    What Makes Your Life Worth Living?

    “We ask patients, ‘What makes your life worth living’ and that becomes their goal – whether it is a relationship, a job, an education, or whatever, and we work toward that goal,” said Gerhart. “Their behaviors are interfering with their quality of life, but we’re helping them learn the skills that allow them to reach their goals. I’ve seen it work.”

    The program also includes psychiatric evaluation, medication management, family sessions, and a DBT Graduate Group for individuals who have successfully completed the program either at Pennsylvania Psychiatric Institute or in the community.

    If you would like to speak to someone about better managing your stress and anxiety, or to make an appointment, please call (717) 782-6493 for more information.


    Who Dialectical Behavioral Therapy Helps
    Dialectical Behavioral Therapy (DBT) is for individuals diagnosed with borderline personality disorder (BPD) or individuals who have strong traits of this diagnosis. It has also been used to treat individuals with drug and alcohol addictions, eating disorders and for pain management. Patients must be at least 18 years old and not currently attending high school. Individuals may attend college or work while attending the program; however, full-time employment and a full college course is not recommended, while attending the program due to the program’s intensity.

    “We ask patients, ‘What makes your life worth living’ and that becomes their goal – whether it is a relationship, a job, an education, or whatever, and we work toward that goal.”
    —Sherrie-An Gerhart, Dialectical Behavioral Therapy Program Coordinator


    Read more

  • Managing Anxiety and Stress through a Pandemic

    In this time of uncertainty, you may be feeling more worried than normal and are noticing negative thoughts getting in the way of your focus or tasks. During a normal day, many of us already deal with stress and anxiety. Throw a pandemic into the mix, and you may feel overwhelmed. Anxiety can plant itself in your mind and grow into a situation that may seem impossible to deal with.

    When you notice these thoughts taking over, pause, and ask yourself if it is true. The fact is these thoughts are most likely not true. Times of crisis can be mentally taxing. The best thing you can do is to make sure you are pouring from a full cup.

    You cannot help yourself or others if you are struggling mentally, emotionally, or physically. Try the following tips to help you cope with your anxiety and stress:

    1. Simplify your to-do list.
      • Minimize or eliminate unnecessary activities. Focus on the things you need to get done and let go of the less important things until the crisis is over, so you have more time to focus on what is important.
    2. Take deep breaths.
      • Try focusing on your breath instead of anxious thoughts. Take a deep breath in while counting to five, hold for five seconds, and breathe out for five. Repeat this at least three times, more if necessary, to help calm you down.
    3. Use aromatherapy.
      • Certain smells, like lavender, have a proven calming and soothing effect. When you feel yourself getting worked up, light your favorite calming candle, diffuse oils, or use a room spray to trigger the receptors in your brain to help alleviate anxiety.
    4. Eat well.
      • Try to eat healthy, nutrient-dense meals when you can. A multi-vitamin is a great way to make sure you get vital nutrients if you are struggling to get them through your diet.
    5. Move your body.
      • Sometimes the best way to get out of your head is to get into your body.  Go for a walk, follow a workout video, or take a few minutes to stretch. Movement can help shift your focus and help you (literally) walk away from the situation causing you stress.
    6. Get a good night’s rest.
      • Sleep is crucial for managing stress. Make sure you get a full night’s rest and are maintaining normal sleep/wake hours. If you are struggling to fall asleep at night, talk to your doctor; they may suggest taking supplements to help aid sleep.
    7. Stay connected.
      • Social and family connections are even more important during a time where we are being asked to stay isolated. Modern technology has made it easier than ever to talk to family and friends. Since we cannot physically be with all our loved ones during this time, make sure to schedule time to FaceTime, Skype, or set up a Zoom call to stay connected.

    Although this is a stressful time, remember that this pandemic is temporary. We are all managing the best we can given the circumstances. Until life can return to normal, it is important that you take the steps needed to care for and support yourself.

    If you would like to speak to someone about better managing your stress and anxiety, please peruse our website or call (717) 782-6493 for more information.

  • Recognizing Outstanding Patient Care

    Our providers at Pennsylvania Psychiatric Institute continue to develop new programs and grow existing services in order to meet the changing needs of our clients and our community. This includes the ongoing development of our staff to ensure that they have the training and the tools they need to provide quality, effective care.
    Everyone has a story to tell. And through special programs at Pennsylvania Psychiatric Institute (PPI), inpatients are getting to tell stories about the outstanding care they receive from the nursing and non-nursing staff.

    Over the past several years, PPI has rolled out two programs that collect patient stories about the wonderful care they receive.

    The DAISY Program is a national award for nurses started by the family of Patrick Barnes who died of a rare disease but received outstanding care from his nurses. The BEE Program is for non-nursing staff such as technicians, social workers, care coordinators, therapist and even physicians.

    “We know our staff does a tremendous job, but we don’t know everything that they do that they do for patients,” said Theresa Terry-Williams, Chief Nursing Officer. “It’s nice to have the patients tell their stories and how our staff impacted their lives.”

    The DAISY and BEE Awards

    The Pennsylvania Psychiatric Institute started participating in the national DAISY Program in 2016 to recognize its nurses. “We know that our nurses are doing wonderful things each day and this gives patients the opportunity to tell their stories – how much a nurse has impacted their life while hospitalized at PPI,” explained Terry-Williams.

    That program was such a success, PPI also wanted to recognize non-nursing staff and created the BEE Award – Be Extraordinary Every day. “We call it the BEE Award because just like a daisy can’t survive without bee pollination, nurses can’t survive without their support team,” Terry-Williams said.

    Gathering Patient Stories

    The nominations come from patients, family and even other staff.

    “The reaction has been very positive – we receive 100 nominations some quarters. It means a lot when the patients take the time to submit a nomination,” said Terry-Williams. “You know they must be very appreciative to take the time to tell their story.”

    Each quarter, the nominations have identifying information removed and are graded based on several criteria, including compassion, trustworthiness, collaboration/teamwork, honesty and love. The nomination earning the most points wins the award.

    The Pennsylvania Psychiatric Institute then holds a celebration for the entire staff. There, all the nominations are read aloud, saving the winning nominations until the last. Sometimes the patient or person who wrote the winning nomination reads it out loud.

    “People are usually in tears – our patients can be very passionate when they tell their story,” Terry-Williams noted.

    The winners get a statue, a pin and a certificate. Their picture is also posted in the hospital with the nominating story.

    “Our staff works very hard every day, and we want people to know that we respect what they do and we want to recognize the hard work and say ‘Thank you for what you are doing here and the way you support our patients through this crisis period in their life,’” noted Terry-Williams. “This is not something everyone can do. It takes a special kind of person.”

    “He listened without judgment as I recounted … my personal story and responded with unflinchingly real feedback, compassion and encouragement…. I will always be grateful for the help he gave me.”

    “When she walks onto the unit, into the nursing station or in a client’s room, it feels like a candled has entered the darkness.”

    “Jeff was exemplary in his ability to see beyond what the client presented to truly meet the client’s needs.”


  • Medical Leaders Oversee Continuing Growth and Development

    Our providers at Pennsylvania Psychiatric Institute continue to develop new programs and grow existing services in order to meet the changing needs of our clients and our community. This includes the ongoing development of our staff to ensure that they have the training and the tools they need to provide quality, effective care.

    Below, our medical leaders describe some of the activities underway in their areas that are helping Pennsylvania Psychiatric Institute and its providers build for the future.

    Adult Service Line
    The Adult Service Line at Pennsylvania Psychiatric Institute is continuing to expand its programs and is serving more adult and mature adults than ever before. During fiscal year 2018, we achieved the highest inpatient census since the inception of Pennsylvania Psychiatric Institute, and we experienced robust growth in the day program and outpatient services. We also obtained substantial funding from the state of Pennsylvania for our Opioid Treatment Program, allowing us to treat more patients. Meanwhile, our psychiatrists made presentations at regional and national professional conferences, enhancing the organization’s regional and national standing.

    Yu-Fei Duan, MD, PhD
    Medical Director of Adult Service Line and President of Medical Staff

    Child and Adolescent Service Line
    In fiscal 2018, the Child and Adolescent Service Line expanded it services to provide care that is more comprehensive to the children and adolescents we serve.  We started the transitional clinic for step-down patients to ensure they receive timely follow-up care after their discharge from our inpatient units. We also expanded the capacity of our partial hospital programs and started group therapy in the afternoons for our adolescent population either stepping down from inpatient services, partial hospitalization or referred from the community. We also recruited two new physicians, one each for our inpatient unit and partial hospital

    Ehsan Syed, MD
    Medical Director of Child and Adolescent Service Line, Pennsylvania Psychiatric Institute

    Advance Practice Providers
    We continue to support the growth of our Advance Practice Providers (APPs), developing a mentoring program for newly hired APPs in the Department of Psychiatry at Penn State Health. This initiative gives APPs the opportunity to provide precepting and shadowing opportunities for Nurse Practitioners (NP) and Physician Assistants (PA) students within the department. We are also increasing the footprint of APPs in psychiatry via presentations at Penn State Heath, Pennsylvania Psychiatric Institute and other areas of the community, as well as giving APPs the opportunity to pursue educational and developmental activities.

    Dr. Janet Passley-Clarke, DNP, MS, CRNP, PMH-BC
    Manager Advanced Practice Professional Clinicians-Psychiatry

  • Mothers getting C-sections are opting for non-addictive painkillers.

    In order to combat the opioid crisis, and the overprescription of certain medications, hospitals are making changes, and doctors emphasize the importance of patient education. A new Cleveland Clinic report says mothers undergoing C-sections are increasingly opting for non-opioid painkillers in an effort to fight off even the potential for addiction. ABC 27 interviews Dr Sarah Kawasaki on the use of Opioids.

    View the full story here

  • Central Pennsylvania Food Bank’s Health Innovations Program

    Pennsylvania Psychiatric Institute, Penn State Health and Central Pennsylvania Food Bank Collaborate with Prince of Peace Food Pantry in Steelton to Serve Our Community

  • Mural project to bring color, brighten up hospital walls for teenaged patients

    Mural project to bring color, brighten up hospital walls for teenaged patients

    MAY 24, 2019 | by Yaasmeen Piper |

    Right now, if you stepped inside the adolescent floor of the Pennsylvania Psychiatric Institute (PPI), you’d be greeted by plain, white, hospital-like walls. Not something teenagers want to look at every day.

    PPI’s Dr. Elisabeth Kunkel decided it was time to change that.

    Read more

  • AAMC CMO Leadership Academy: 2018-2019 Graduates and Cohort 3 Applications Opens June 18

    AAMC CMO Leadership Academy: 2018-2019 Graduates and Cohort 3 Applications Opens June 18

    On May 3rd, the AAMC hosted the second cohort of the CMO Leadership Academy for their final program meeting and graduation. Over the last 18 months, cohort participants actively and purposefully engaged with each other, health care experts, CMOG Steering Committee members, and me to further their executive leadership knowledge and skill development as future academic medicine CMO. It has been a privilege to coach, interact, and mentor these participants and I am happy to have them join the CMO Leadership Academy Community of Practice that also includes our 2017-2018 cohort.

    Read more

  • Advancement in Recovery (AIR) Program

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